The Aquilaria family encompasses several species that are known for their association with Agarwood production. Each species within this family possesses distinct characteristics and has contributed to the diverse range of Agarwood available in the market. Understanding these different species is crucial for comprehending the variations in Agarwood quality, aroma, and market value.
Aquilaria malaccensis: This species, commonly known as Agarwood or Gaharu, is one of the most prized and commercially important species within the Aquilaria genus. It is native to various countries in Southeast Asia, including Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, and Cambodia. Aquilaria malaccensis is renowned for producing high-quality Agarwood with a complex aroma profile, often described as woody, earthy, and sweet. The resinous wood of this species is highly valued and widely used in incense, perfumery, and traditional medicine.
Aquilaria crassna: Also referred to as Chen Xiang or Kunlun Xiang, Aquilaria crassna is primarily found in Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam. It is another significant species contributing to the production of Agarwood. The Agarwood derived from Aquilaria crassna is highly esteemed for its aromatic qualities, which are often described as deep, rich, and sweet. This species has been a target for cultivation efforts to meet the increasing demand for Agarwood.
Aquilaria sinensis: Aquilaria sinensis, also known as Chen Xiang or Kyara, is native to China and is highly valued for its Agarwood production. It is primarily found in the Guangdong, Guangxi, and Yunnan provinces. Agarwood derived from Aquilaria sinensis is prized for its exceptional quality, captivating fragrance, and unique medicinal properties. The scarcity of this species in the wild has led to increased cultivation attempts to meet the growing demand for high-quality Agarwood.
Aquilaria subintegra: This species is native to various countries in Southeast Asia, including Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia. Aquilaria subintegra is recognized for its potential in Agarwood production, with variations in aroma and resin quality depending on the geographical region. It is one of the species that has been targeted for cultivation and sustainable Agarwood production.
Aquilaria microcarpa: Aquilaria microcarpa, also known as Pokok Karas or Karas, is found in Malaysia and Indonesia. It is valued for its Agarwood production, and the resin derived from this species exhibits a unique fragrance that is highly sought after in the market.
Aquilaria apiculata: Native to Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand, Aquilaria apiculata is another species within the Aquilaria genus that contributes to Agarwood production. The Agarwood obtained from this species is known for its distinct aroma and resinous quality.
These are just a few examples of the different species within the Aquilaria family that have been recognized for their involvement in Agarwood production. Each species possesses its own set of characteristics, influencing the aroma, quality, and market value of the Agarwood produced. The diversity within the Aquilaria genus highlights the rich and complex nature of Agarwood, making it a fascinating subject of study and cultivation.