Mature Oud trees are 20 m high, 30-40 cm in diameter, 8-10 m wide. After 7-10 years, the trunk appears many holes, meaning there is natural bass, which is kept. Holes are formed by the attack of borers, forcing the tree to secrete protective oils, thereby creating basswood (wood imbued with essential oils).
With trees without holes, people began to drill, punch holes in the trunk, apply oil to stimulate the tree to produce oil and agarwood (artificial agarwood). After 2.5 years, the trees that have drilled holes can be harvested.
Agarwood is processed and displayed in the house, making jewelry and fine arts. Agarwood essential oil has the effect of improving arthritis, digestive diseases, reducing asthma and dental care ...
In Ha Tinh - Vietnam commune, there are many cooperatives and households producing and trading agarwood. Every week, they come to ask questions with gardeners to buy Do Bau trees, then hire workers to prune branches, saw logs, and put them on trucks.
Fresh do gourd tree has the lowest price of one million VND, about 70 million VND high. Some rare and perennial plants sell for more than 200 million dong.
When hewing the log into small pieces of wood, seeing the appearance of black agarwood, the worker will stop. They then used chisels to trim the white wood, leaving the dark black part. The pruners and pruners are usually middle-aged, experienced people with a daily salary of 250,000 VND.
"Doing this job requires perseverance. With winding bass circuits, I have to carefully use an iron chisel with small hooks to scrape every bit of wood. When I encounter large chunks of gourd, complicated bass circuit, it took me dozens of days to create a piece. beautiful song, "Mr. Phan Van Minh, 53 years old, living in Phuc Trach commune, said.
On average, a tree about 3 m high, 2 cm in diameter, drilled by the people themselves, will take out about 4-5 ounces of agarwood. For trees with natural holes, the volume of agarwood is not uniform and difficult to measure.
Customers often take small pieces of incense, light it on fire to check the quality of the fragrance before deciding to pay the purchase price. "Qualified agarwood usually has a mild fragrance, only people in the profession can feel it," said Mr. Bui Thuc Chinh, resident of Phuc Trach commune.
When all the agarwood is removed, the wood chips and the pruned carcass of the tree will be dried in the sun for a few days to cook essential oils, or put in a blender to get powdered incense.
Incense is produced from the powder of the Oud tree, which is fragrant, non-toxic.
People will put wood chips and pruned corpses into a large pan, then cook, connect the faucet to a boiler to distill essential oils.
Frankincense essential oil has medicinal uses, helping to prevent infections.
Do Bau is a tree of high economic value, which the government encourages people to develop. Annually, the total income from selling trees and making agarwood products is more than 50 billion VND.
According to VNExpress